Jan Patyra

Born: 14th April 1921

Kraznystaw, Poland

Date of interview: 30th July 2006

Map showing where Jan Patyra came from

Also I think you were in the Polish Resistance as well?

Yes. Well I was in the Polish Resistance. Yes and now, see so happened our commander, district commander, he was a double agent, he worked for us and he worked for the Russians. See and one day it was, we been sort of arrested hundreds, even the priest because we had a priest he used to give us a, you know, when we joined the resistance. And of course there was the interrogations, interrogations for two months, beating and kicking and goodness know what and eventually we had a -what do you call - trial. Yes. And I got fifteen years hard labour. See because they all the resistance they wanted to know whether I had any arms or something, rifles. And I said 'Well I haven't got one but if need be I'll find one.' So that saved my life because all this from the resistance from my ten, huh, admitted they had a rifle, they been shot. Five, six of them had rifles and you know they had, they shot them. I know that, because after the war when we are released from the prisons, from the camps, none of them came back, because they'd been shot.

Anyhow that commander who was double agent, eventually 1943 or something Polish Resistance did find out that he's a double agent. He had a trial and he was shot. In Poland. So, because never knew, we said 'how did come, how did they find out about us?' See? But then when I read it in a book after the war that he was a double agent, I knew. Anyhow, so I spent two years in a labour camp.